Can't install Office 365 because of Single Image 2010 leftovers
Microsoft Office 365 (Windows 64bit version) installation fails with error: Couldn't Install Office.
Couldn't install Office
This installation is for the 64-bit version of Office, but the following 32-bit Office applications are already installed on this computer:
Microsoft Office Single Image 2010
Want to install 32-bit Office, which will work with your 32-bit applications? Select "Install 32-bit". If you want the 64-bit version, select "Cancel", uninstall your 32-bit Office applications, and start this 64-bit installation again.
The error is pretty self-explanatory. The problem is that Microsoft Office Single Image 2010 is nowhere to be found on the computer.